Endoscopic spine surgery is a minimally invasive technique. It utilizes a series of long, thin tubes along with small tools and a camera to perform surgical procedures through tiny incisions in the neck or low back. This type of surgery relieves pain, discomfort or numbness typically associated with conditions, including:
How Is Endoscopic Spine Surgery Performed?
After an opening is created, a guide wire which has been threaded through a small, thin tube is inserted to the surgical site via X-ray guidance (fluoroscopy). Using the wire, the tube is guided to the site before the wire is removed. Then, a scope (a tube with a camera at the tip) and any additional tools required to perform the procedure are sent through the tube to the site. When the procedure is done, the tube is removed and the incision is closed.
At IGEA Brain, Spine & Orthopedics, our surgeons are specialty trained in many endoscopic spinal procedures to restore motion and quality of life to patients living with spine conditions. The minimally invasive surgical options we perform for the spine include:
Endoscopic discectomy—also known as microdiscectomy—is a procedure removing damaged spinal disc material (herniated disc) that may be irritating or pressing on a nerve or nerve root. The nerve compression can result in pain, numbness or weakness that may radiate down the arms or legs.
This technique is utilized to relieve pressure on the nerve roots by widening the opening (known as theforamen) in the spine where the roots leave the spinal canal. The pressure may be the result of bone spurs, disc herniations, excessive ligaments or scar tissue which narrow the opening (a condition known asforaminal spinal stenosis).
An endoscopic laminectomy treats symptoms, such as pain and numbness that appear due to spinal stenosis. During the procedure, the bony roof covering the spinal cord—along with a section of the enlarged facet joints and thickened ligaments—is removed. In doing so, pressure is relieved on the spinal cord and nerves.
Endoscopic Scoliosis Surgery
Depending on the severity of the curvature of the spine, endoscopic fusion surgery may be an option for effectively treating scoliosis. With fusion surgery, two or more spinal vertebrae are connected using bone or bone-like material. Then, rods and screws are strategically placed to hold the spine straight and stabilize it until the bones fully fuse together in the correct position.
Specializing in the Spine and More
At IGEA Brain, Spine & Orthopedics, our surgeons have years of experience in these and other minimally invasive procedures which affect the brain, spine and neuroendovascular system. For more information or to schedule an appointment with one of our specialists, contact us today.