The meninges are a protective membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord. When a tumor arises from these membranes, it is known as a meningioma, the most common type of brain tumor. Most meningiomas are benign, but others are malignant (cancerous) and require prompt medical treatment. At IGEA Brain, Spine & Orthopedics in New Jersey and New York, our neurosurgeons specialize in diagnosing and treating brain tumors like meningiomas, serving patients from the tri-state area with compassionate care.
Occurrence of Meningiomas
Meningiomas can appear anywhere in the central nervous system (CNS). Scientists do not yet know what causes meningiomas, yet theories suggest they may occur due to genetics or exposure to radiation. Though anyone may be diagnosed with meningiomas, they are most common in older populations and occur more frequently in women.
All tumors are graded based on their size, location, aggressiveness, and risk of recurrence. Meningiomas are categorized as follows:
- Grade I: Also called low-grade tumors, these are the most common. The tumor cells grow slowly and are unlikely to spread beyond their point of origin.
- Grade II: Also called atypical meningiomas, these mid-grade tumors are slow-growing but have a higher chance of recurring after removal.
- Grade III: Also called anaplastic meningiomas, these tumors are fast-growing and malignant. They quickly spread and affect the tissues around them.
Signs and Symptoms
Not every meningioma displays symptoms. In fact, some small, slow-growing tumors may exist for years without causing a noticeable sign. Others have progressive symptoms that worsen as the tumor grows and may vary based on the tumor’s location. These symptoms may include:
- Blurred or double vision
- Chronic headaches that progressively worsen
- Memory loss or cognitive difficulties
- Loss of hearing
- Recurring seizures
- Weakness in limbs and extremities
IGEA Brain, Spine & Orthopedics makes decisions about treatment based on the tumor’s grade and overall health of the patient. We offer several treatment paths depending on these factors, including the following:
Very small, low-grade tumors may not require immediate treatment. In this case, we utilize periodic brain scans to monitor the tumor. Your observation schedule will be personalized based on your condition, circumstances, and the risk presented by the tumor.
If your meningioma causes symptoms or shows signs of growth, surgery may be necessary. Our neurosurgeons will remove as much of the tumor as possible without damaging healthy structures. If there is residual tumor tissue left, it will be monitored for growth. If necessary, we may also recommend stereotactic radiosurgery or traditional radiation therapy to eliminate any remaining cancerous tissue.
Recurring meningiomas and those beyond the reach of traditional surgery may be treated using CyberKnife Radiosurgery. This procedure delivers a focused beam of radiation to the tumor, targeting tumor cells with great precision while avoiding damage to surrounding tissue.
Learn More About Meningioma Treatment
If you have been diagnosed with a meningioma, know that you are not alone. Located in New Jersey and New York, the experts at IGEA Brain, Spine & Orthopedics treat brain tumors and offer high-quality support through cutting-edge modalities. Contact us today to learn more about how we help patients throughout the tri-state area navigate their treatment options for brain cancer and other conditions.