The most common type of malignant brain tumor developed in adults, a glioblastoma multiforme is also referred to as a high-grade astrocytoma. Typically originating from supporting cells known as astrocytes, this tumor usually occurs in the cerebral hemisphere and is less commonly found in the brainstem and spinal cord. At IGEA Brain, Spine, & Orthopedics, we provide state-of-the-art treatment options for tri-state area patients with glioblastoma multiforme. Learn more about how our medical team can help in New Jersey and New York.
Symptoms of Glioblastoma Multiforme Tumors
Primary brain tumors like these can happen at any age but are most common in men over the age of 50. They tend to grow quickly and can spread to other areas of the brain and central nervous system. Symptoms of a glioblastoma multiforme include:
- Progressive headaches
- Blurred and/or double vision
- Difficulty speaking
- Memory loss
- Behavioral and personality changes
- Loss of physical strength
Diagnosing Glioblastoma Multiforme Tumors
Our expert medical team starts with a neurological examination in the evaluation of a tumor. Typically, a neurological test will examine the following:
- Eye movement
- Balance and coordination
- Motor skills
- Memory function
This evaluation will be followed by radiographic imaging, such as a CT scan and/or MRI, which are used to help determine a preliminary diagnosis. Imaging is also able to demonstrate associated changes like edema (swelling). Further testing is then required for an exact diagnosis and to provide further information about the tumor’s grade and genetic factors. Testing can include:
- Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS)
- Spinal tap
For patients with glioblastoma multiforme, surgery remains the mainstay of treatment. However, in cases where tumor is deep seated and surgery is high risk, often a stereotactic biopsy will provide an adequate diagnosis to determine further treatment planning. In this procedure, computer navigation, often with a robot, is used to take a small specimen from the tumor. In tumors that are more in the periphery or in safe areas of the brain, often imaging will be adequate for a preliminary diagnosis in which case biopsy is done at the time of surgery. In surgery, also known as a craniotomy, we use computer navigation with a microscope to remove as much tumor as safely as. Following this, additional treatment, also known as adjuvant therapy, is often recommended. This includes the following:
- Radiotherapy: This treatment delivers radiation to the brain tumor in an attempt to destroy microscopic tumor cells that may remain following surgery or any residual tumor that is left behind for safety reasons.
- Chemotherapy: A chemical drug, also known as chemotherapy, is designed to eliminate residual cancer cells and may be given around the same time as radiotherapy.
- Tumor Treating Fields: A relatively new treatment modality that uses electrical field to disrupt tumor cells in the brain to try and prevent spread and/or recurrence.
Expert Medical Care for Patients with Glioblastoma Multiforme
Serving the tri-state area, IGEA Brain, Spine & Orthopedics employs a team of experts well-equipped to address glioblastoma multiforme tumors and provide swift, cutting-edge treatment based on the latest advancements in research. For more information about our treatments in NJ and NY, contact us today by calling 866-467-1770.