If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with a brain tumor, know that you are not alone. At IGEA Brain, Spine & Orthopedics, we are dedicated to researching and treating brain tumors of all kinds to ensure a bright future for patients throughout New York and New Jersey. Our award-winning, compassionate care is possible thanks to our state-of-the-art facilities and knowledgeable team of neurosurgeons.
What Are Brain Tumors?
Simply put, a brain tumor is a cluster of abnormal brain cells. Some tumors are benign, meaning that they don’t spread to the surrounding tissue. The majority of brain tumors, however, are malignant or cancerous. These tumors quickly grow and spread, interfering with brain functions, and causing long-lasting effects.
Immediate neurosurgical intervention is necessary to treat brain cancer and prevent further damage. Though researchers continue to study brain tumors, we cannot yet definitively say what causes them. Possible risk factors may include:
- Genetic conditions
- Family history of tumors
- Radiation exposure
- Currently having cancer or a personal history of cancer
- Previous injuries
Common Symptoms of Brain Tumors
Brain tumors can vary widely in their size, location, and severity. Depending on these factors, tumors can cause a variety of symptoms or even none at all. Some symptoms are more common than others, however. These include:
- Severe headaches
- Decreased coordination
- Vision abnormalities
- Hearing impairment
- Speech difficulties
- Abnormal behavior
- Loss of memory
- Inability to concentrate
- Personality changes
Many of these symptoms can apply to conditions other than a brain tumor, so it’s essential to go through diagnostic testing to be sure of the cause and obtain proper treatment.
Diagnosing Brain Tumor Types
Brain tumors are classified into two main categories. One includes primary brain tumors, which originate in the brain tissue. The most common primary brain tumors are gliomas, which begin in the glial cells, the most common cell in the brain. Gliomas account for half of all primary brain tumors and come in three types:
- Astrocytomas, which are most often found in the brain stem or spinal cord
- Ependymomas, which are found anywhere in the nervous system, often near brain ventricles
- Oligodendrogliomas, which are most often found in the white matter and cerebral cortex
The second type is the metastatic tumor. It originates in other areas of the body and spreads into the brain, becoming recognizable by the lesions it causes. Metastatic tumors are more common than primary brain tumors, though they cause similar symptoms.
Available Treatments at IGEA
Treatment and management of malignant tumors depend mainly on the patient’s general health and the tumor’s location. Surgical removal of the tumor is a proven and effective treatment. Often, however, tumors are embedded too deeply in the brain tissue to safely remove. In these cases, surgery is combined with chemotherapy and radiation therapy to ensure the safety of the patient.
At IGEA, our neurosurgeons treat tumors using the CyberKnife Robotic Radiosurgery System. Using this innovative device, we can deliver accurate doses of radiation to a tumor without damaging the surrounding brain tissues. It’s an advanced treatment that has been proven effective in treating brain tumors of all kinds.
Treat Brain Tumors with IGEA
You are not alone in your fight against brain cancer. With offices throughout NY and NJ, IGEA is here to help. If you or a loved one has been recently diagnosed with a brain tumor, contact us today.